Jane Emily Cawthorn

Jane Emily Cawthorn

Female 1835 - 1923  (87 years)

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  • Name Jane Emily Cawthorn 
    Born 17 Jan 1835  Clerkenwell, Middlesex Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 22 Feb 1835  St. Lukes, Finsbury Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    _UID 2ACCC4CC8E4E8242ADC5495085D5D2B00D08 
    Died 1923  Uffculme, Fox Hill, Upper Norwood, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I19  cawthorne
    Last Modified 23 Jan 2017 

    Father Thomas Cawthorn,   b. 18 Jan 1797, St Dunstan in the East, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 May 1847  (Age 50 years) 
    Mother Mary Sarah Elizabeth Jane Baldwin,   b. 1800 ?, St Lukes, Middlesex Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 May 1875, St. James Terrace, Nunhead : Registered : Camberwell Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID 5AF83B0D03A31241BBC2E7522D5B5F81B15B 
    Family ID F12  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Albert William Ballyman Churly,   b. 1830, Cullompton, Devonshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 May 1910  (Age 80 years) 
    Married 11 Aug 1859  St. George, Camberwell, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID 8E2037A4D88A534BB873AD021B8D7F40CA53 
     1. Alberta Mary Churly,   b. 1860,   d. 1860  (Age 0 years)
     2. Albert William Churley,   b. 1 Sep 1861,   d. 27 Apr 1881, Hawthorne Cottage, Wells Rd, Sydenham, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 19 years)
     3. John Alfred Charles Churly,   b. 1863,   d. 1863  (Age 0 years)
     4. Emily Eliza Sarah Churly,   b. 27 Jun 1864,   d. 1958 or 1955?
     5. Gertrude Victorine Churly,   b. 1865, Newington, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1866  (Age 1 years)
     6. Edith Ellen Churley,   b. 1 Dec 1867, Hawthorne Cottage, Wells Rd, Sydenham, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Oct 1965, Croydon, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 97 years)
     7. George James Churley (Cawthorne),   b. 26 Dec 1868, Hawthorne Cottage, Wells Rd, Sydenham, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1929  (Age 60 years)
     8. Alfred Matthew Churley (Cawthorne),   b. 26 Feb 1870, Hawthorne Cottage, Wells Rd, Sydenham, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Nov 1957, Folkestone, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
     9. Walter Churly,   b. 1871,   d. 1871  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 14 Dec 2016 
    Family ID F5  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Jane Emily Churley née Cawthorn
    Jane Emily Cawthorne née Cawthorn
    Jane Emily Churly née Cawthorn
    Jane Emily Churly née Cawthorn
    Jane Emily Churly née Cawthorn
    Jane Emily Churly née Cawthorn
    Emily Jane Churly née Cawthorne
    Emily Jane Churly née Cawthorne
    1835 - 1923

    Marriage Certificate
    Marriage Certificate
    Albert Churly to Jane Emily Cawthorne
    Marriage : 11 Aug 1859

  • Notes 

      JANE EMILY CAWTHORN was the elder daughter of THOMAS CAWTHORN, who it was understood was the son of a. mine-owner. However, she was brought up by Thomas' younger brother John and her own mother, MARY SARAH ELIZABETH JANE BALDWIN, also reputed to have been the daughter of another mine-owner. (ANNIE BALDWIN, MARY's unmarried sister, left a silver sugar bowl to her niece JANE EMILY, which bowl has now passed to KATHLEEN MATTHEWS)

      JOHN CAWTHORN was first trained to be a doctor, but as he did not like medicine he obtained his father's consent to take up the legal profession. His treatise on homes for mental patients was probably written in the early days of his law training, using his medical knowledge and his familiarity with company law (see family papers).
      We do not know where the family lived before about 1843, but at about this time they moved to what was presumably a newly-built house at 23 NORFOLK ROAD, ST. JOHN'S WOOD called ALPHA HOUSE (Norfolk Road did not exist at the time of the 1841 census). (See note p.4.)
      Shortly after moving to Norfolk Road, JANE at about 8 years old was sent to a weekly boarding school and was very soon after joined by her young sister, MARY. (MARY later married a Mr. NASH, who was an astronomer and is reputed to have gambled on horses). Some of her Stepfather's letters are available and they show that JOHN CAWTHORN was a very harsh and sarcastic man, although he seems to have spared no expense on the girls' riding, etc. (See family papers).
      In spite of John's early death when JANE was about twelve, she was eventually allowed to "finish" in Paris.
      It has always been understood that JOHN CAWTHORNE (an 'e' had by now been added) had died from "Blood poisoning, having been injured in a. train accident on the way to Devises", but after a most careful search of the Deaths recorded from 1843 to the census of April 1951, the only John Cawthorne to be registered is "John Adam Cawthorne, who died on 11th May 1847 of consumption with many months bleeding at Lucher Cottage, Hornsey Road, Islington, aged 54 years. His occupation is given as "Independent". Hornsey Road at this time would have been in the country, about two miles away from Norfolk Road. (See end section note).
      The Census of 8th April 1851 (Microfilm No.1491) shows that part of the Cawthorne family living at 23, Norfolk Road in the parish of St. Marylebone (21) as follows:

      MARY CAWTHORNE Head 50
      (nee Baldwin)
      JANE E. Daughter 16
      MARY Daughter 12
      MARY HERSEY Servant 19
      (Probably the elder son ALFRED was at this time. away earning his living and possibly had already emigrated to Mauritius), but George Adolphus aged 14 years 3 months appears to have been away from home.
      JANE'S Mother was alive in 1859 when she married, but Jane did not give her address as 23, Norfolk Road, but the same address as Albert Churley.
      JANE was a beautiful woman, but very hard and proud, having been brought up very strictly; it is understood that her Mother was a rich woman. She died at “UFFCULME" FOX HILL, UPPER NORWOOD in 1923 at the age of 88.
      JANE had two brothers, ALFRED (older) and GEORGE ADOLPHUS (younger than herself), who immigrated to Mauritius. ALFRED was a sugar planter who made a lot of money but had no children, and GEORGE (Married to Victorine?) was a, constructional engineer who became a prominent citizen and when he died was given a state funeral.
      There is some story that JANE would not allow her children to receive any of ALFRED's fortune because it was derived from the employment of slaves, and years later EDIE, in her letter to her brother GEORGE (Jane's children) refers to a law case which seems to have been connected with the CAWTHORNES rather than with the CHURLEYS.
      JANE only had a life interest in the properties, the income from which supported her and Albert throughout their married lives and during Jane's widowhood. Presumably, upon her death in 1923, the properties reverted to the children of the late brothers or sister. (See her letter to Alfred (her son) of August 10th 1923,
      The name CAWTHORNE seems to have been associated with Yorkshire and Lincolnshire for a very many generations - there are records in Christ's College, Cambridge of JOHN CAWTHORNE being admitted in 1531 and his son JOHN in 1606. Christ's College was, it appears, much frequented by north country men.

      In an endeavour to locate the parish in which John and Mary Cawthorne lived and had their children before taking up residence at 23 Norfolk Road in about 1843, the birth certificates of all "Mary Cawthornes" born in 1839 have been examined, but none showed a Mary the daughter of John and Mary Cawthorne. As compulsory registration did not take place until 1876 (?), the conclusion must be that Mary's birth was not registered. On the other hand, the baptism of JANE EMILY on 22nd February 1835 is recorded in the parish records of St. Luke's, Finsbury.
      No photographs or other documents are available to indicate the parish from which the CAWTHORNE’s came and the name is far from uncommon throughout Yorkshire and the surrounding counties.
      A London Post Office directory of 1848, now in the Guildhall Library, shows No.23 Norfolk Road as a 'Boarding House'. This could confirm that John probably died in about May 1847 (John Adam Cawthorne) and that his wife, having two daughters at boarding school, took in boarders to make ends meet. John's wife Mary could well not have come into money from the Baldwin family until later, or it may well be that her daughters Jane Emily and Mary inherited it some years after Mary's death in 1875. However, she describes herself in the 1851 Census as "Proprietress” of Houses".
      It is quite possible that Albert William Churley became a guest at 23 Norfolk Road in his early twenties and thus met his future wife Jane Emily. It is clear that his future wife was a close friend of his sister Mary Rosetta, as she was a witness at Mary Rosetta Churley‘s marriage to Henry Strutt Birkinshaw (see Robert 5). When Jane Emily Cawthorne married Albert Churley in August 1859, no member of the Cawthorne family seems to have attended the wedding at Camberwell Parish Church.
      Mary Cawthorne, at the age of 71, in 1871 was living with, or staying with, her daughter at Hawthorn Cottage, Sydenham, according to the Census of 1871.
      Mary Sarah Jane Cawthorne (nee Baldwin) died on 1st May 1875 at St. James Terrace, Nunhead, aged 75 - the widow of John Cawthorne, a solicitor. Emily Jane Churley, daughter, was present at the death.
      With regard to evidence of the death of John Cawthorne, the death certificate recording a death on 16th December 1851 at 14 York Street, Covent Garden, described him as "Gentleman" and could denote the death of Mary's husband, as he could have been living in a nursing home because of his long-standing asthma at the time of the Census of 8th April 1851 and for this reason Mary, on the Census form, describes herself as "Head" of the house at that time, at 23 Norfolk Road, but also as a Widow, which would be correct!
      Perhaps it is as well to record that all the original details about the John and Mary Cawthornes (nee Baldwin) have come down through Edith Ellen Tory (nee Churley) 1867 to 1965, and. as she was not born before her grandfather died, her mother would not wish to mention the dreaded word "consumption" - hence the story of blood poisoning through a train accident.
    • 1841 Census:
      John Cawthorn 37
      Mary Cawthorn 37
      Alfred Cawthorn 15
      Jane Cawthorn 6
      George Cawthorn 4
      Mary Cawthorn 2
      all living at 113 Wellington Road, Marylebone.
    • 1851 Census:
      Mary Cawthorn 50 - Head of Household - Proprietress of House
      Jane Cawthorn 16 Daughter
      Mary Cawthorn 12 Daughter
      Mary Hersey 19 Servant
      are all resident at 23 Norfolk Road, Marylebone.
      Note that the surname Cawthorn is still being spelt without the final E.
      Neither of the two sons (Alfred and George) are mentioned. Had they already left for Mauritius? John Cawthorne (according to Clement's notes) is presumed to have died.
    • 1861 Census :
      Albert Churly 30 Head of Household - General Dealer
      Emily Churly 26 Governess
      both live at 71½ Cross Street, Lambeth. This is two years after they were married in 1859. "Jane Emily" put her Name on the Census as "Emily".
    • 1871 Census :
      Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
      Emily Churley Wife 35
      Emily E J Daughter 6
      Edith E Daughter 3
      George J Son 2
      Alfred M Son 1
      Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
      Emma Evans ??? 13
      all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
      Note : Churley appears to be spelt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E.