Notes


Matches 101 to 150 of 232

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 #   Notes   Linked to 
101 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Cawthorne, Ralph William (I368)
 
102 CBC or marries James Southwood on 19/2/1784 Wyatt, William (I94)
 
103 CBC shows Christian name as PATIENCE born in Uffculme but Internet search gives marriage as PATIENTA Churly, Patienta or Grace (I104)
 
104 CBC states marriage in about 1780 to Elizabeth Ballyman (assumed Slee)
RPC thinks that in fact he married Elizabeth Spence Aplin - needs checking 
Ballyman Slee?, Anne (I72)
 
105 CBCnote - Marries either William Wyatt on 19/7/1784 OR James Southwood on 19/2/1784 Churley, Sarah (I91)
 
106 Changed name by Deed Poll on 30th May 1891

ALFRED MATTHEW CHURLEY (CAWTHORNE)

CHANGE OF NAME FROM CHURLEY TO CAWTHORNE IN 1891

There is no clear evidence of the reason why GEORGE and ALFRED CAWTHORNE changed their names from CHURLEY - their father's surname - to CAWTHORNE, their mother's maiden name. The explanations given by George, Alfred and their sisters, Emmie and Edie, have not been consistent, but were as follows:-
(1) GEORGE, when applying for a transfer of the family coat of arms, stated "this change is at the request of my Uncle George in order to ensure the continuation of the name of Cawthorne". Incidentally, the permission to change the coat of arms was actually signed by Queen Victoria.
(2) ALFRED, the writer's father, was evasive and somewhat cross when asked by his grandson why the change of name took place, and said something to the effect that his mother would not accept any of her brother's fortunes made in Mauritius using slave labour, but his brother George had hoped to inherit the fortune.
However, on another occasion, he gave his daughter-in-law, Phyllis, a picture of the local boys jeering and calling him and his brother George rude names because of what had become public knowledge in their locality and he further explained that there was no need for his sisters to change their names as the change would come naturally in marriage. At no time did he mention that the change was at the request of his Uncle George in Mauritius and it is highly possible that he did not know of the document applying for the transfer of the Churley coat of arms to the name Cawthorne.
(3) EDITH, over three years younger than Emmie and who was 13 when her brother 'Bertie' died, has suggested that her uncle James was reputed to have produced two illegitimate girls and two illegitimate boys, but this must have happened 15 to 20 years previous to the change of name. She also mentioned William, the Apple Boy, buried under the tree at Hawthorne Cottage.
(4) EMMIE seems to have kept quiet and, being the eldest surviving member of her generation, is the one who must have known the real reason if it were different from that given by George in his Deed Poll.George in his Deed Poll. However, it was from her that we learnt about her and Edie attending Davenants at Sibble Heddingham.
It is unusual, to say the least, that no reference was made by his son Emile to his second wife that his grandfather was a Churley, and even more surprising that, when after his death, his widow Elaine, who lived for years with Emmie, always assumed that her mother-in-law was a Cawthorne. However, Elaine now says that she always felt that there was a mystery behind the death of Emmie's brother Albert at 19 years old. This must surely show that Emmie was keeping a part of her family history from her second daughter-in-law, and in fact misleading her just as her son had done.
Some facts are:-
(i) As far as is known, neither Alfred Cawthorne, the sugar planter, nor George Cawthorne, the constructional engineer in Mauritius, left any money to their sister's family or to their sister, Jane Churley. It is understood that George married, but it is not known if he had any children. He died in Port Louis prior to 1892.
(ii) When George Churley was about 14 and Alfred about 11, they were at a boarding establishment, CROYLE HOUSE SCHOOL, situated on the parish boundaries of Kentisbeare and Uffculme, Devon, probably owned by a family connection, a Mr. Radford, and their two sisters were sent away to a boarding school in Sible Heddingham, Suffolk. This exodus of the children would have been about 1881 or 1882, shortly after the death of their eldest brother, Albert, on 27th April 1881.
(iii) Although George could have changed his name following his 21st birthday on 26th December 1889, he did not do so until April 1891.
(iv) Alfred changed his name at the same time, 30th May 1891, which for practical purposes was the earliest date possible, as he became of age on 26th February 1891. He gave his address as Hawthorne Cottage, where he was living with his parents.
The solicitor seems to have been one Oliver Minster, practising in Coventry. Did he also act for George in the change of name? Was he the solicitor for whom George was a solicitor's clerk? And was he also Mrs. Gough's solicitor?
(v) The circumstances of Albert's death in 1881 given on his death certificate and registered by his 16 year old sister (not mother or father) are unusual, to say the least (see copy of certificate).
The writer's interpretation is that, even though the trouble had been incurred some 7 to 10 years earlier, George, in view of his forthcoming marriage to a wealthy widow, wished the trouble of the past not to be given publicity at the time of his marriage, which could have happened if he had still been called George Churley. The name George Cawthorne would not bring to mind any recollection of the past, and what more natural than to give as a reason, the perpetuation of the name Cawthorne at the request of his uncle George Cawthorne, who was a prominent man in Mauritius and which was his mother's maiden name.
As the nature of the trouble about which Alfred said the local boys jeered can only be a matter of conjecture, I do not propose to set down what I think it was, except that I feel that an examination of the certificate of the death of Albert William in 1881 gives an indication of the possible reason, and perhaps also the story of William, the Apple Boy, could throw some light on it. However, if there had been bad publicity in the district affecting the family, it could not have been too bad, as Albert and Jane Churley and their unmarried daughter, Edie, continued to live at Hawthorne Cottage, or within three or four miles of it, for the rest of their joint lives - about 30 years.
A search of the two weekly newspapers which circulated in the area was made, covering the period just prior to and for 2 or 3 weeks after Albert's death on 27th April 1881, and no mention of his death was found.
The Lewisham and West Kent newspaper was read from 1st January to mid-May 1881 and the Sydenham and Forrest Hill News for the weeks in April and May 1881.
Notes by Michael Cawthorne made about 1980.

AMC told me a story of his articled clerkship to a firm called F.B. SMART, where he was trusted to do a lot of good work, but not appreciated, and sometimes belittled. One day, in front of clients, he was unfairly belittled and insulted. This he would not take from any man, so he said so and on being beaten threw his boss out of the office into a canal.
His father was very angry and told him to go and make his own way in life. He had done all he would ever do for such a son. He could go with £100 and he would never speak to him again. With the £100 AMC had worked hard and made all that could be now seen of his property and wealth !
I think this was told to me when I was an articled clerk in 1953
NOTE: AMC was 83 in 1953. His father used to visit him regularly prior to 1914 War. CBC.
In February of 1949, before I took my examinations at King's School, Godfather ALFRED CAWTHORNE showed me a magazine COUNTRY LIFE dated 1910 (or 1911) in which there was an article about a family "Castleton" or similar in which JAMES CHURLEY was mentioned. I do not remember reading the article properly, but I was impressed with the seriousness in which AMC explained that I was old enough to know of the "Skeleton in the Cupboard" (He kept the magazine in the safe). He told me not to talk about it as it was a secret and some people would be hurt to know of it; but he wanted me to know.
"He had a wicked Uncle Jim - James Churley, who had had an affair with a Dairymaid, whom he had killed, and later lived with another woman whose family had had him sent abroad." The family had been terribly ashamed, and so never talked about this.
NOTE: He certainly had a naughty Uncle James, as described, who married in 1862 - 27 years before the change of name CBC

ALFRED MATTHEW CHURLEY (CAWTHORNE)

ALFRED was born 26th February 1870 - the year that the Germans entered Paris for the first time, the second time being 70 years later - at HAWTHORNS COTTAGE, Wells Road, Sydenham. He told us that he was sent to a school near Kentisbeare called CROYLE HOUSE SCHOOL owned by Mr. Radford, a relation, and later to another relation in Norfolk. It is reasonable to surmise that he was sent away to school at the time of his eldest brother's death, when he would have just become 11 years old. His sisters, EMILY and EDIE, were no doubt at this time sent to Davenants, a private school at Sible Heddingham, Essex.
(It is curious that about 50 years later, in 1929, Clement (CBC) used to visit Davenants where his wife to be, Phyllis Popplewell, would be staying, the property being; owned by Mr. Dudley Payne, her brother Peter's father-in-law).
In spite of what may have been indifferent schooling, Alfred had a thirst to learn and, obtaining a job in about 1891 with F.B. Smart and Sons, Accountants, he very soon found himself in charge of about 30 bankruptcies and liquidations. At about this time, 15th September 1892, he married ANNIE FRANCIS WOODS, much to the disapproval of the Woods family. Annie was three years his senior. (born 29th April 1866).
Alfred, in about 1895, started in business with a partner in Queen Street as tea importers and merchants, and they were the first people to sell tea in packets - it had previously been sold loose. His partner let him down - he did not repay the sum of £400 that Alfred had lent him. Alfred had to sell all his possessions and he and his wife were left with no furniture but a bed. Annie was sent with the babies to stay with her parents for about two years, whilst Alfred slept in the office - the rent had fortunately been paid in advance.
However, shortly afterwards he had recovered his position sufficiently to hold a "wow of a party" for the Lord Mayor's Show and to buy CASTLEDENE. Later he acquired his first Benz (in 1898 or 1899), - the second to be imported into the U.K. - and later a White Steamer, which was a steam driven carriage with tiller steering. This would be about 1898 - 1899
Early in the new century he was studying building construction and architecture and taking a keen interest in property development. He moved from Queen Street to 121 Victoria Street and, with a Mr. Lovatt, practised as an architect, and in 1904 purchased land in WOLDINGHAM. (The Polo Field in Lunghurst Road) and obtained options to purchase further land from the London Union Land Co.
The first house occupied in Woldingham was "GRANGEHURST" and having built SYLVAN MOUNT for himself in 1906, he built many more country houses for sale in Woldingham. When war broke out, he had eleven houses on his hands unsold and many of them are shown in a brochure still in existence
Although he was never a true gardener, he excelled in landscape work - specialising in terrace building. He appeared to have a violent temper and to his workmen he was known as "hell fire Dick" and was very often on the building sites at 6.30 or 7.00 a.m., before the men arrived.
His early financial training and a natural inclination for figures enabled him to carry out large developments with the minimum of capital and the maximum of loans.
When things were bad, Annie would see that he wore an immaculate frock coat with a flower in button hole, and probably encouraged him to hunt on two days a week. No doubt she was very much responsible for his success during the first 25 years of married life.
The outbreak of the Great War, when he was 44, virtually smashed Alfred financially. He served on various war committees and on the War Agricultural Committee, which meant his travelling around the country. To earn some money he would buy a car, say in Liverpool when on an official visit, and drive it back to London and sell it. He , was forced to remove Leighton from Blundells because he could not find the fees and sent him and Clement to a day school at Hastings (University College School).
After the Great War, people with money could no longer afford to maintain large country mansions, but there was a demand for country houses with say eight bedrooms, inclusive of staff bedrooms. at least two or three bathrooms and perhaps three to four living rooms, with modern domestic quarters. Alfred had a gift for visualizing the way to alter the large mansions to modern conditions, and throughout the period 1920 to about 1939 he specialised in such work, either accepting commissions from clients or buying the properties and having the remodelling carried out by a company called North Downs Building Co. Ltd., which he controlled. There are examples throughout the southern counties, such as WONHAM MANOR near Reigate, where he took away the upper storey, and LAMBERHURST MANOR, where he did away with the ground floor, which had been at lake level, and converted the first floor and second floor into a magnificent house. Asking £22,500 when the war was imminent, he sold it for £18,000 and a few years later the Marquess of Camden paid £50,000 for the place, which was a considerable amount of money in those days. There are good examples of new houses designed by him at Upper Cheyne Row, Chelsea and Ennismore Gardens, Knightsbridge.
Not only were estates modernised for clients or for reselling, but he could not resist making beautiful homes for his family, and after a few years, when little more could be done, he would become restless and want to move. Then, between the wars, we lived at IVERWOOD, WEYBRIDGE, for about eighteen months, moving subsequently. The album of photos shoes the remodelled house (the outside was not to his liking) and especially shows the typical terrace work and landscaping and his glazed doors, which were rare in 1923.
To run Burntwood he employed a head gardener, an under-gardener and a cowman/handyman, also a chauffeur. The indoor staff consisted of a butler, housekeeper, house-parlour maid, cook and kitchen maid. By-1939 he had remodelled and lived in a further five large homes with land varying from 3 to 65 acres.
During all these years there were expensive cars - usually one Rolls Royce, Minerva or other large car, and one other at least. There were also sports holidays for the family and cruises. He spent well and always felt that his spending produced the wealthy clients and their business.
The outbreak of the World War in 1939 put an end to his architectural practice which he had been carrying on from 35 Walpole Street, Chelsea in partnership with his son, LEIGHTON. As there was a moratorium for mortgages and loans, he was able to maintain his capital intact, but when war ended in 1945 he was 75, and virtually retired.
Just before the outbreak of war in 1939, Alfred and Annie moved to ROBIN HILL, a house in Eastbourne, which he had completely modernised and had installed a lift for Annie, who at times had severe rheumatism. The alterations to Robin Hill were the last carried out and amongst the family photographs will be found pictures showing the house before alteration and after. This is an example of his rare gift of being able to visualise how an ugly old house would look after he had replanned it. In addition to his ability to replan the old house, he had the detailed technical knowledge of building construction to enable him to have the major alterations carried out.
Annie died on 17th April 1943 and on 18th January 1950 Alfred married a very sweet spinster, GLADYS AUDREY MAY COLE, aged 55, who looked after him until he died in 1957, aged 87.
During the last ten years of his life, Alfred arranged his affairs so that on his death his estate was proved at only £40,000, leaving his sons, Leighton and Clement to bring to fruition his plans for his Chelsea Estate, in which he first took a financial interest in 1923.
Before the first Great War, Alfred's hobbies were cars, hunting and skiing, at Mürren (1912). After the First War, he had little time for hobbies, although he kept up his skiing for many years. On a long climb he liked to arrive first and maintain that he was "not a bit tired".
Although Alfred had the outward appearance of being a stern man, he was really very kind and thoughtful of others. He never failed to write helpful letters - without delay - and always turned up when any member of his family was ill. He was particularly helpful to his sisters, Edie and Emmie, and Bessie his sister-in-law, who had been left widows for many years, and either looked them up or wrote almost every week. 
Churley (Cawthorne), Alfred Matthew (I11)
 
107 Changed name to CAWTHORNE by Deed Poll in April 1891

GEORGE JAMES Died 21 Oct. 1929 in his 61st year.
Married (i) SARAH ANN GOUGH 19th August 1891. (Died 1913).
(ii) ISOBEL ELIZABETH (BESSIE) KNIGHT in 1915. (Died 1977).
George was born at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, and although little is known of his childhood, in later life he was a man of great charm and built up a wide circle of friends, both male and female. He clearly enjoyed mixing with the "best people" and when he had the money entertained lavishly. At 22 he met a rich widow of Graville Hall near Evesham, and wishing to marry her (she was about 64), no doubt because of the family trouble which had occurred when he was a boy, he changed his name by deed poll early in 1891 to that of his mother's maiden name, CAWTHORNE. (See ALBERT 9 ). When George married Sarah Ann, widow of Ashwin Drope Gough, on 19th August 1891, he gave his address as of Stretton House, Leamington Spa.
George and Sarah, in spite of their difference in age, were reputed to have been very happy and the marriage lasted until she died at about 85. They had a house not far from Ascot and George became an honorary official to the Course. In conjunction with another man, he published a limited edition of a history of 'Royal Ascot', which was dedicated with the permission of the Prince of Wales to the Prince. This came out in 1900 - two years before the Prince became King Edward VII.
The racing, carriages, footmen, etc., and entertaining proved expensive and for a few years before Sarah died they were badly off. Although when she died early in 1913 her age was given as 80, she may well have been nearer 85.
In 1915 George married a young Roman Catholic woman of 23, Isabel Elizabeth (Bessie) and he had to promise to let his children be brought up in that faith. However, when the first child was born, George felt that he had promised under duress and, with the assistance of his nephew Stuart Cawthorne took the boy to be baptised as an Anglican, with the names GEORGE WILLIAM BALLYMAN. However, the remaining six children were allowed to be brought up as R.Cs.
After the 1914-18 war, George prospered and acquired extensive property in Westminster for redevelopment (Marshal Street, Tachbrook St., Great Peter Street, Horseferry Row, Petty France, etc.) and later purchased Staplehurst Place in Kent ( now known as Iden Old Manor - see photo). He became a Governor of the City of Westminster School and of Sutton Valence and was an active Freemason.
To an outsider he seemed a very prosperous man, but when he died at only 60 in 1929, the "Great Depression" of the 30's was just around the corner, with the result that when his executors eventually obtained probate and tried to sell his properties in 1930, they fetched little above the amounts for which they had been mortgaged. He thus left a widow and seven children of 13 years and under, badly off.
The religious differences brought Unhappiness, even after George's death, as in his Will the children could not inherit unless they, in effect, renounced the Catholic faith - so not only was the Estate reduced in value by the delay in obtaining probate, but by the very large legal and court fees which it had to bear.
Bessie felt that she had to ask that the Will be contested and as all the children were minors, the Official Solicitor was appointed to act on their behalf. Eventually, the Judge held that the children as minors were not capable of holding any religious profession and that all monies, including George's share (he was C. of E.) must be held in trust until the children each attained their majority.

Probate : "CAWTHORNE George James of 61 Petty France Westminster Middlesex died 21 October 1929 at the Cottage Hospital Purley Surrey Probate London 6 February to Alfred Matthew Cawthorne architect Edith Ellen Tom (wife of Nicholas Edward Tom) and Arthur Owen Warren solicitor. Effects £52,979 19s 1d" This appears to show that George left his estate to his brother Alfred, his sister Edith and his solicitor. (NSC : Was this prior to the court case referred to above by Uncle Clement?)

GRANT OF COAT OF ARMS TO GEORGE JAMES CAWTHORNE

TO ALL AND SINGULAR to whom these Presents shall come we Sir Albert William Woods, Knight, Garter Principal King of Arms and Walter Aston Blount, Esquire, Clarenceux King of Arms of the South East and West Parts of England from the River Trent Southwards, Send Greetings WHEREAS Her Majesty by Warrant under Her Royal Signet and Sign Manual bearing date 26th day of December last signify unto The Most Noble Henry, Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshall and Hereditary Marshall of England, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, that she has been graciously pleased to give and grant unto George James Churley of Stretton House in the Royal Borough of Leamington Spa in the County of Warwick, Gentleman, eldest son of Ballyman Churley of Cullompton in the County of Devon, Gentleman, by Emily Janet his Wife, Sister of George Cawthorne, late of Port Louis in the Island of Mauritius Gentleman, deceased, Her Royal Licence and Authority that he may use the surname of Cawthorne, in lieu and instead of his own surname of Churley and that he may take and use the Arms of Cawthorne and that such surname and Arms may in like manner be taken, borne and used by his issue; such Arms being first duly exemplified according to the Laws of Arms and recorded in the College of Arms otherwise the said Royal Licence and Permission be void and of none effect AND FOR AS MUCH AS the said Earl Marshall did by Warrant under his hand and seal bearing date 22nd day of March following authorize and direct Us to grant and exemplify such Arms accordingly KNOW YE THEREFORE that he, the said Garter and Clarenceux in obedience to the Royal Command in pursuance of His Grace's Warrant and by virtue of the Letters Patent of Our several Offices to each of Us respectively granted do by this Presence grant any exemplify unto the said George James Churley now George James Cawthorne the Arms following, that is to say Quarterly per Pale indented ermine and gules gutte d'or a Fess nebuly Or in the first and fourth quarters and Lion's head couped Azure, in the second two Wings cojoined in line Or, and in the fourth a Chess-rook Argent - And for the Crest on a Wreath of Colours A Thorn Tree there-on of Cornish Chough proper between two Wings Sable and charged with a Chess-rook Or, as the same are in the margin hereof more plainly depicted, to be borne and used for ever hereafter by him, the said George, James Cawthorne and his issue pursuant to the tenor of the said Royal Warrant and according to the Laws of Arms IN WITNESS WHEREOF We, the said Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Arms have to these Presents subscribed Our names and affixed the Seals of Our several Offices this second day of April in the Fifty-fifth year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lady Victoria by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom and Great Britain and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith etc. and in the year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and ninety-two.
Sealed ALBERT W. WOODS Garter WALTER ASTON BLOUNT Garter
On the back:- Recorded in the College of Arms, London, William H. Weldon, Windsor Herald, Registrar.

20 May 1924 : Sails from Southampton to Tangiers on the KAWI. Age given as 52 (although he was 55?) and "not accompanied by wife". Profession : Architect. Also knew Arthur Lunn the ski pioneer. 
Churley (Cawthorne), George James (I26)
 
108 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Gunning, Charles Henry (I497)
 
109 CLEMENT was born at Ealing on 18th October 1908 with the assistance of one of the early lady doctors, Dr. ETHEL BOWLBY, when family were living at Sylvan Mount in Woldingham. Attended CROFT DOWN School, where the junior mistress - there were only two - wore her hair bobbed - very forward in pre-war days! When the family moved to 12, Grosvenor Crescent, St. Leonards in 1915, he attended University College School, Hastings. For some reason which he has never been able to fathom, he was birched. May have played truant after a row at home.
At this time Clement could swim many miles and was nearly drowned in a rough sea in October 1916 swimming on his own!
Attended Blundells Junior School and later School House from 1918 to 1924. Obtained School swimming and. gymnasium colours, was reasonable at Ruby, but did not play for First XV. He left school without obtaining School Certificate, his educational standards being pretty poor - very poor.
However, on leaving Blundells, he really got down to work, quickly obtaining his Chartered Accountant’s Preliminary Exam and. qualified in 1931, the year he married PHYLLIS CHRISTOBEL n POPPLEWELL. In other respects this was a black year with unemployment of over 3,100,000. However, he obtained a junior partnership with a minimum salary of £250 per annum (Deloittes and Price Waterhouse were then offering newly - qualified chartered accountants £225 p.a.) with McPherson Burtenshaw & Co. He did not get on with a Mr. D.V. House, one of the partners, and left in August 1933 to join the firm of Pridie, Brewster & Gold - three delightful men of those names.
During the five winters of 1926 - 30 he had the great good. fortune to be taken to Switzerland for two or three weeks skiing by his father and became a good skier, skiing in one international race, the Prince Chicobu Cup, coming 8th to the famous Schneider Plying Cup World Record holder, Captain Waghorn. Later he skied with F.S. Smythe, the first man to climb Mt. Karmet in the Hymalayas, but failed in 1930 to get to the top of Everest, although he climbed alone the last part. It is now difficult to realise that until the early 1930s the British were the best skiers in the World - real amateurs.
Joined Territorial Army - 50th Surrey Regiment - in 1938 as a private, and just before war broke out in 1939, was called up. Obtained commission on 6th September 1940 into 4th/5th Royal Scots Regiment (Queen’s Edinburgh), manning searchlights in defence of Edinburgh. Almost at once appointed Battery Training Officer and early in 1941 Regimental Training Officer, with rank of Captain in May 1941. Took War Office Course and became War Office Instructor and appointed to Shrivenham W/O Training School in 1941. Later promoted Major. Saw little active service, but running Searchlight and Radar School on outskirts of Brussells, training units for defence of Antwerp and the Scheldt Estuary prior to the Rhine crossing.
Early in 1945 he turned down the offer of an appointment, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, in a military mission to the Egyptian Army, as it would mean signing on for three years. The British very shortly became unpopular about the time that King Farouk was deposed and the mission did not last its three years. He returned to civilian life in October 1945.
Having a really happy home background and congenial partners, both before and after the war, he thoroughly enjoyed business life until retiring in 1966, when he took an active part as Chairman of the Screen Ink business of E.T. Marler Ltd. at Mitcham. The six years as financial consultant and chairman were a time of enjoyment and success, but in 1972 he was unable to get on with a certain Dr. K.J. Reed, who was a technical consultant and jointly responsible for finance, and agreed to be bought out of the business for a substantial sum. 
Cawthorne, Clement Bowlby (I3)
 
110 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Cawthorne, Henry William (I428)
 
111 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Cawthorne, Meredith (I386)
 
112 David J H Cawthorne lived with Gina Bufton for many (42) years after his divorce from Norah B. However there is also a marriage shown to Josephine M Casassa in 1969. Who is this? Bufton, Gina (I400)
 
113 Death registered December 1871 (aged 0) at 11 Cross Street, Newington in Lewisham District. Churly, Walter (I37)
 
114 Dick Gunning was in Bomber Command. Gunning, Richard S (I499)
 
115 Died 1860
NOTE. The birth was registered in the Newington District. The earlier births were probably at 11 Cross Street, Newington, Surrey, not far from what is now the Oval Cricket Ground. 
Churly, Alberta Mary (I20)
 
116 Died about 3 months old.
NOTE. The birth was registered in the Newington District. The earlier births were probably at 11 Cross Street, Newington, Surrey, not far from what is now the Oval Cricket Ground. 
Churly, John Alfred Charles (I22)
 
117 Died in Hendon aged 77. Presumably at 181 Hendon Way where the Sumners lived. Glasier, Gertrude Mary (I503)
 
118 Divorced in 1948. Family F41
 
119 Doctor in the Navy. From New Eltham. Did not have any children with Richard G M Cawthorne. Blackall, Ruth T (I378)
 
120 EDITH ELLEN. Edie, as a young woman, was expected to stay at home and look after her father and mother and, although she must have had many suitors, they were duly frightened off, so that she did not marry until 1924 when she was 56 and after her mother's death in 1923. Edward TOM had secretly courted her for about three years and most certainly would have been unwelcome at her mother's house, as he was an ardent socialist and of Cornish farming stock, but at that time he was serving in the Navy.

Her husband died in about 1947 (NSC :.. it was 1953) and she lived alone for many years, and when she was over 90, if she felt that her gardener was not doing the job as well as it should be done, she dug her garden herself. After an unfortunate accident, she died on the 14th October 1965 aged 98. Edie was a very kind and generous person, always making her visitors most welcome at any time and, although she married too late to have children, she always enjoyed having her grand nephews and nieces visiting her.

2015 : Alan Cawthorne recalls :
1. that Aunt Edie and husband Edward Tom lived in a house called Ulfcombe in Sanderstead, Surrey.
2. that he received a few hundred pounds in Aunt Edie's Will, with which he bought a washing machine. Edith Ellen Tom's Will (probate 3 Dec 1965) was £12,013. Address given as 4 Birdhurst Road, South Croydon. Although Edie's husband is referred to by Clement as "Edward" the marriage notice says Nicholas E Tom. 
Churley, Edith Ellen (I25)
 
121 Emigrated to Mauritius as a sugar planter. Remained single?
 
Cawthorne, Alfred (I44)
 
122 EMILY ELIZA SARAH (EMMIE). Sent with her sister, Edie, to a boarding school, Davenants, at Sibble Heddingham in Suffolk. She married Horace Bolton on 13th July 1889, by whom she had two children, EMILE and EVELYN (died 18.9.1879). Her husband died in about 1923, leaving her a widow until she died aged 94 in 1958. Her son, EMILE, had died between the wars and for many years she shared a house with his widow, ELAINE.
NOTE. The birth was registered in the Newington District. The earlier births were probably at 11 Cross Street, Newington, Surrey, not far from what is now the Oval Cricket Ground.
CBC MEMORANDUM re EMILY E.S. BOLTON
We were all fond of our "Aunt Emmie". She was so pretty and full of life, with an air of gay mystery about her, Kathleen, now 87, looking back relates that as a child she was NEVER allowed to stay at Emmie's and that even in her late years Emmie claimed that she had followers. Kathleen, whose memory goes back furthest, recalls that an "Uncle Ernest", said to come from South Africa, stayed. He was good looking, with curly hair - Emmie's second child Eve was totally unlike Horace Bolton but she had very curly hair like Uncle Ernest's! 
Churly, Emily Eliza Sarah (I23)
 
123 Essex vs Sussex?
Clement says that Alfred Woods (Annie Francis' father) was a "Gentleman farmer near Colchester", but Annie Francis appears to have been Born in Buckland, Surrey, and not in Essex. Similarly her many Brothers and sisters also appear to have been Born in Surrey/Sussex and not Essex.  
Woods, Annie Francis (I12)
 
124 Famous sailor. According to Alan Cawthorne " he invented a way of sailing with the wind behind him". Wrote a book about sailing to the Canaries. Waller, James (Jimmy) Otway (I122)
 
125 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Ellison, Jacqueline Margot Nicoll (I209)
 
126 From CGMR website : dep par René Schmitt pour le CGMR x Picture KL18_PICT0048 - Page 95
Cote : CSI 1871 - 1880
Libre : KL18 A-Z Reg 1 Folio 92
Date depot initial : 21 Juillet 20
 
Family F250
 
127 Granny said that Kate Mitchell died at the Age of 14. Mitchell, Kate Reeves (I517)
 
128 Gwen changed her name from Chapman to Frost by Deed Poll dated 2 Sep 1964. Cawthorne, Gwendolen Ethel (I17)
 
129 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Cawthorne Smith, Hadria Fern J (I437)
 
130 He may have been "Charles Felix Clewett" (as per the Lambeth registered marriage Dec 1862) Clewett, Felix (I70)
 
131 If this is the "LILY WOODS" referred to by Clement Cawthorne, then she is believed to have died in Johannesburg in about 1968. Her husband Roberts had been a District Commissioner and Magistrate. Woods, Lilian Mabel (I677)
 
132 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Nash (I520)
 
133 Is it ISOBEL or ISABEL?

2015 : Alan Cawthorne recalls that Bessie was a Montefiore school teacher and that they got married in about 1915 or 1916. 
Knight, Isabel Elizabeth (Bessie) (I35)
 
134 Is the "ATHOL WOODS" referred to Clement Cawthorne? Woods, Athelstan (I674)
 
135 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Sumner, Anne Patricia (I435)
 
136 Is this the Fred Glasier (brother of Jane, Minnie, Tom and Gertie) who was killed in the war? Or did Fred go to South Africa or Australia, but then disappeared?  Glasier, Frederick Noel (I493)
 
137 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Stillwell, Victoria Margaret A (I392)
 
138 JAMES married MARY ROUND 2nd November 1862 (his brother SEPTIMUS married ELIZABETH ROUND). He is reputed to have married JANE but to have lived with his wife's sister, having two girls and two boys. Churly, James (I48)
 
139 JANE EMILY CHURLY nee CAWTHORNE AND HER ANCESTORS

JANE EMILY CAWTHORN was the elder daughter of THOMAS CAWTHORN, who it was understood was the son of a. mine-owner. However, she was brought up by Thomas' younger brother John and her own mother, MARY SARAH ELIZABETH JANE BALDWIN, also reputed to have been the daughter of another mine-owner. (ANNIE BALDWIN, MARY's unmarried sister, left a silver sugar bowl to her niece JANE EMILY, which bowl has now passed to KATHLEEN MATTHEWS)

JOHN CAWTHORN was first trained to be a doctor, but as he did not like medicine he obtained his father's consent to take up the legal profession. His treatise on homes for mental patients was probably written in the early days of his law training, using his medical knowledge and his familiarity with company law (see family papers).
We do not know where the family lived before about 1843, but at about this time they moved to what was presumably a newly-built house at 23 NORFOLK ROAD, ST. JOHN'S WOOD called ALPHA HOUSE (Norfolk Road did not exist at the time of the 1841 census). (See note p.4.)
Shortly after moving to Norfolk Road, JANE at about 8 years old was sent to a weekly boarding school and was very soon after joined by her young sister, MARY. (MARY later married a Mr. NASH, who was an astronomer and is reputed to have gambled on horses). Some of her Stepfather's letters are available and they show that JOHN CAWTHORN was a very harsh and sarcastic man, although he seems to have spared no expense on the girls' riding, etc. (See family papers).
In spite of John's early death when JANE was about twelve, she was eventually allowed to "finish" in Paris.
It has always been understood that JOHN CAWTHORNE (an 'e' had by now been added) had died from "Blood poisoning, having been injured in a. train accident on the way to Devises", but after a most careful search of the Deaths recorded from 1843 to the census of April 1951, the only John Cawthorne to be registered is "John Adam Cawthorne, who died on 11th May 1847 of consumption with many months bleeding at Lucher Cottage, Hornsey Road, Islington, aged 54 years. His occupation is given as "Independent". Hornsey Road at this time would have been in the country, about two miles away from Norfolk Road. (See end section note).
The Census of 8th April 1851 (Microfilm No.1491) shows that part of the Cawthorne family living at 23, Norfolk Road in the parish of St. Marylebone (21) as follows:

MARY CAWTHORNE Head 50
(nee Baldwin)
JANE E. Daughter 16
MARY Daughter 12
MARY HERSEY Servant 19
(Probably the elder son ALFRED was at this time. away earning his living and possibly had already emigrated to Mauritius), but George Adolphus aged 14 years 3 months appears to have been away from home.
JANE'S Mother was alive in 1859 when she married, but Jane did not give her address as 23, Norfolk Road, but the same address as Albert Churley.
JANE was a beautiful woman, but very hard and proud, having been brought up very strictly; it is understood that her Mother was a rich woman. She died at “UFFCULME" FOX HILL, UPPER NORWOOD in 1923 at the age of 88.
JANE had two brothers, ALFRED (older) and GEORGE ADOLPHUS (younger than herself), who immigrated to Mauritius. ALFRED was a sugar planter who made a lot of money but had no children, and GEORGE (Married to Victorine?) was a, constructional engineer who became a prominent citizen and when he died was given a state funeral.
There is some story that JANE would not allow her children to receive any of ALFRED's fortune because it was derived from the employment of slaves, and years later EDIE, in her letter to her brother GEORGE (Jane's children) refers to a law case which seems to have been connected with the CAWTHORNES rather than with the CHURLEYS.
JANE only had a life interest in the properties, the income from which supported her and Albert throughout their married lives and during Jane's widowhood. Presumably, upon her death in 1923, the properties reverted to the children of the late brothers or sister. (See her letter to Alfred (her son) of August 10th 1923,
The name CAWTHORNE seems to have been associated with Yorkshire and Lincolnshire for a very many generations - there are records in Christ's College, Cambridge of JOHN CAWTHORNE being admitted in 1531 and his son JOHN in 1606. Christ's College was, it appears, much frequented by north country men.

NOTE.
In an endeavour to locate the parish in which John and Mary Cawthorne lived and had their children before taking up residence at 23 Norfolk Road in about 1843, the birth certificates of all "Mary Cawthornes" born in 1839 have been examined, but none showed a Mary the daughter of John and Mary Cawthorne. As compulsory registration did not take place until 1876 (?), the conclusion must be that Mary's birth was not registered. On the other hand, the baptism of JANE EMILY on 22nd February 1835 is recorded in the parish records of St. Luke's, Finsbury.
No photographs or other documents are available to indicate the parish from which the CAWTHORNE’s came and the name is far from uncommon throughout Yorkshire and the surrounding counties.
A London Post Office directory of 1848, now in the Guildhall Library, shows No.23 Norfolk Road as a 'Boarding House'. This could confirm that John probably died in about May 1847 (John Adam Cawthorne) and that his wife, having two daughters at boarding school, took in boarders to make ends meet. John's wife Mary could well not have come into money from the Baldwin family until later, or it may well be that her daughters Jane Emily and Mary inherited it some years after Mary's death in 1875. However, she describes herself in the 1851 Census as "Proprietress” of Houses".
It is quite possible that Albert William Churley became a guest at 23 Norfolk Road in his early twenties and thus met his future wife Jane Emily. It is clear that his future wife was a close friend of his sister Mary Rosetta, as she was a witness at Mary Rosetta Churley‘s marriage to Henry Strutt Birkinshaw (see Robert 5). When Jane Emily Cawthorne married Albert Churley in August 1859, no member of the Cawthorne family seems to have attended the wedding at Camberwell Parish Church.
Mary Cawthorne, at the age of 71, in 1871 was living with, or staying with, her daughter at Hawthorn Cottage, Sydenham, according to the Census of 1871.
Mary Sarah Jane Cawthorne (nee Baldwin) died on 1st May 1875 at St. James Terrace, Nunhead, aged 75 - the widow of John Cawthorne, a solicitor. Emily Jane Churley, daughter, was present at the death.
With regard to evidence of the death of John Cawthorne, the death certificate recording a death on 16th December 1851 at 14 York Street, Covent Garden, described him as "Gentleman" and could denote the death of Mary's husband, as he could have been living in a nursing home because of his long-standing asthma at the time of the Census of 8th April 1851 and for this reason Mary, on the Census form, describes herself as "Head" of the house at that time, at 23 Norfolk Road, but also as a Widow, which would be correct!
Perhaps it is as well to record that all the original details about the John and Mary Cawthornes (nee Baldwin) have come down through Edith Ellen Tory (nee Churley) 1867 to 1965, and. as she was not born before her grandfather died, her mother would not wish to mention the dreaded word "consumption" - hence the story of blood poisoning through a train accident. 
Cawthorn, Jane Emily (I19)
 
140 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Milton, Jayke Anthony (I621)
 
141 Lived in WINDLESHAM, but had no children. Churly, Sarah Robina (I55)
 
142 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Cawthorne, Peter A J (I390)
 
143 Margaret was Uncle Clement's secretary. Forsyth, Margaret Dorothy (I201)
 
144 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Cawthorne, Joseph (I426)
 
145 MARY ROSETTA (ROSINA)
(1) The following notes are the imprecise recollections of Tom Eric Jeffrey (Grandson of Rosetta Birkenshaw) nee Churley. The stories were gathered from Anita Mabel and Violet - daughters of Rosetta (Violet by Birkenshaw and Anita Mabel by Capt. A. George).
(2) Rosetta had three children:-
(a) Violet (by Birkenshaw)
(b) Eva (" " )
(c) Anita Mabel (by Capt. A. George)
(3) The vaguely remembered stories were that Rosetta was a woman of great determination and character. She is said to have discovered her first husband (Birkenshaw) in adultery with her own housemaid. Then and there Rosetta, taking her two children (Violet and Eva), she walked out of Birkenshaw's house, vowing never to return.
(4) Some time later, probably some years, Rosetta (now calling herself Rosina) and her children (Violet and Eva) sailed for Lima, Peru. The reason for this expedition was never explained. However, quite recently the writer discovered, now living at Bath, Somerset, a lady by the name of Dorothy Davis whose father or grandfather was a ships chandler in Callão, Peru. This Dorothy Davis's parents were very friendly with Rosetta Birkenshaw; so it may well be that Rosetta went out at their invitation either to visit or to perform some service for the parents of Dorothy Davis. It seems a reasonable assumption that Captain George, who operated two trading vessels out of Callão (Peru), would be well-known to the Davis family (Ship Chandlers), and may have even introduced Rosetta to Captain George.
Anyway, the story goes that Rosetta met Captain Albert George on the voyage out, and, either immediately or soon after, she married him.
From this marriage Rosina had issue of ANITA MABEL
(5) Some time after marrying Rosina, Captain George moved to Hong Kong and traded from there through the Indonesian Archipelago down to Australia. (He may even have engaged in "Black-birding" - collecting Kanaba (black) labour for the Queensland sugar plantations! "Black-birding" was quite prevalent and profitable about that time).
(6) The last that was heard of Rosina and Captain George was that they were sailing together on one of their small ships in the China Sea when it was overwhelmed by a typhoon and lost with all hands (Rosina and Captain George included).
This story was confirmed by a law case, involving both of them, for the recovery of money under an insurance policy taken out in Sydney. In this case the death of both had to be legally "presumed". Also, as there was no evidence to show which died first, the Court had to rule on that point too. (The writer has seen the official correspondence concerning this case.)
(7) After the death of Rosina and Captain George, Violet (who must then have been a young woman), helped by friends in Hong Kong, looked after Eva and Anita: - until Eva married a Colonel Hurcomb (of Adelaide, South Australia), and ANITA Mabel married Sidney Jeffrey in Hong Kong (Journalist, Sub-Editor and Leader-writer of the "Straits Times" of Singapore). Then Violet married Thomas Joy, a chemist with a very thriving business in Pretoria, South Africa. This marriage had issue - Thomas Andrew Joy (b. about 1900) later of the Rhodesian Police; and Marjorie (b. about 1910) who married Albert Farrell of Butterfield & Swire, Shipping Merchants of Hong Kong.
ANITA Mabel's marriage to Sydney Jeffrey had issue Cecil Hallam Jeffrey (b. 1893 - Hong Kong) and Tom Eric Jeffrey (b. 1897 - Singapore). Sydney Jeffrey died at Colchester 1899 and Anita later married Dudley Cloran, of Tipperary, Ireland. This marriage had issue of three boys and a girl, all in South Africa. Only one survives - Dermot Cloran of (owner) "Karibu Estate" Schagen, Eastern Transvaal,
ANITA MABEL died in Johannesburg in 1974 - just ninety-nine years old
In all our researches, we seldom came upon the name "Robert". The first Robert mentioned in records was Robert Churlye born 1650, being the grandson of John Churle of Gaddon, and the second, born 148 years later, Robert son of Urial of Gaddon. To this day the name does not appear to have been used by members of the Churley family, except that there was a Robert Churley living at Tiverton from 1827 to 1834, later moving to the Birmingham district, but he must have been only a distant connection.
It is now understandable that neither my father (Alfred) nor his brothers and sisters mentioned their grandfather Robert, because he had died by the time that their own father Albert William Ballyman Churley was 16 years old and none of Albert's seven brothers had borne the name of Robert.
However, after a gap of nearly 180 years since the birth in 1798 of his great-great-great grandfather, Robert Alan Cawthorne was born in Vancouver, B.C. on 26th August 1977 to Rodney and Lynette Cawthorne. 
Churly, Mary Rosetta (I53)
 
146 Master Baker (Journeyman) Hancock, James (I225)
 
147 MICHAEL CLEMENT Born 27/9/1933 Married 1/9/1969
Born at a private nursing home in Carshalton, Surrey his early characteristics being auburn hair, a very enquiring mind and suffering from asthma. He went for a short time to the same kindergarten school, Croft Down, Woldingham, that his father had attended in 1931, During the war he had eleven homes with his mother and attended seven schools in England, Scotland and Wales, finally obtaining a place at King’s School, Canterbury, just before his twelfth birthday in 1945, being the youngest boy in the school that year. Although he was very keen to play competitive games, a London specialist advised against it, so he took up riding at the school. His scholastic attainments were good, enough to exempt him from matriculation, and at 17 he became articled in a firm of Chartered Accountants. At the same time he joined the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, which he greatly enjoyed and his asthma having left him, he played rugby with them, breaking his neck in a game, but after being rushed to St. George’s Hospital in London, he recovered. He clearly enjoyed his R.N.V.R. friends and social affairs, arranging dances, parties etc., distracting him from his studies, he did not qualify, and after five or six years he was called to National Service for two years in the Navy, obtaining a commission and staying on another year. Leaving the Navy, he joined E.S.& A. Robinson, printers and packagers based in Bristol, where he had good prospects but he became unsettled and took a post as a learner-teacher at a preparatory school at Ecclefechan, Dumfrieshire, where the headmaster clearly influenced him in his beliefs - so much so that after two years he decided to become a qualified teacher and spent the next four years at St. Mark and St. John’s Teacher Training College, obtaining a science degree. He then took a post as a science master at a girls’ school near Sittingbourne, Kent, a year later he became engaged to the head mistress, JOAN MARY BOGG, she having similar evangelical leanings. They were married in Tankerton, Kent and about a year later, on 3rd June 1970, their first daughter, RUTH (a red head), was born and shortly after they moved to Peshawar, Pakistan, as missionaries. The next daughter, SARAH another red head, was born at Qalandarabad, Hazara on 4th September 1973.

Additional notes by NSC from Michael's Remembrance Service near Whitstable on 11 May 2019:

Michael and Mary arrived at the Pakistan border on 27 September 1971. The border was closed and no more British teachers when then being allowed into Pakistan. The war with India was imminent. They only had "38 Rupees" by the time they arrived at the border. By chance Mike met his future employer while stuck at the border. Mike believed that God was leading him in everything, including the provision of funds and accommodation while they were teaching in Pakistan. 
Cawthorne, Michael Clement (I8)
 
148 Military Attache to Japan Stanley Colonel (I258)
 
149 Norah B was David Cawthorne's first wife. After a divorce from David, Norah B Cawthorne (née Styles) then re-marries Andrew Green in Hastings and Rother in Jan-Mar 1979. David Cawthorne then lives with Gena Bufton (for 42 years) who was being cremated at Mortlake Cemetery today (9 May 2016). Alan Cawthorne says that Norah B was an Irish Catholic. She was buried as a Catholic in Battle. Styles, Norah B (I374)
 
150 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Family F246
 

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